Prosthetics

In the best-case scenario, your own teeth will accompany you for the rest of your life. However, this ideal situation cannot always be achieved. Today, largely destroyed teeth or complete loss no longer mean social restrictions: Modern dentistry is able to restore aesthetics and function even with a full denture and thus ensure quality of life.

In general, in dental prosthetics, a distinction is made between fixed and removable dentures.

älterer Mann in Zahnarztpraxis

Advanced caries and traumatic tooth damage are the most common reasons for fixed dentures. Other reasons are multiple, large-area fillings, developmental disorders or misalignment of the teeth.

In addition to improving the chewing function and phonation, the aesthetics and protection of a root canal-treated tooth are also achieved. Crowns are available as full cast crowns (made of an alloy), all-ceramic crowns and veneered crowns (metal sleeves veneered with plastic or ceramic. Partial crowns represent a link between inlay and full crown. Bridge replacements are used to fill gaps in the row of teeth (e.g. due to lost teeth) from a static point of view. Even at the end of a row of teeth, teeth can be replaced with bridges.

Prostheses can be divided into partial and total prostheses. Partial dentures are attached to remaining teeth with clasps. Total dentures hold onto the edentulous jaw by suction.

Combined dentures mean the synthesis of fixed dentures and removable dentures. For example, in the front area (aesthetic window), a front tooth bridge can be combined with a removable prosthesis in the side tooth area. In terms of function, durability and aesthetics, this form of dentures is far superior to conventional methods.

Dentures with precision

Electroplating enables dentures to be made from almost 100 percent fine gold. Individual crowns or telescopic work made with electroplating are characterized by an excellent fit, absolute freedom from tension (passive fit), preparation that is gentle on the substance and good oral tolerance. Furthermore, galvano crowns are characterized by their warm color behavior.

If the destruction of a tooth due to very deep caries is far advanced, or if there is a risk that it will break apart due to damage, it is often no longer possible to rebuild the tooth with a permanent, stable filling. With the help of a crown, however, shape and aesthetics can be restored.
This includes parts or the entire area of the tooth protruding into the oral cavity and thus restores its stability. An almost natural appearance in the visible range and sufficient stability are achieved in this way.
There are different types of dental crowns. Depending on the initial situation and requirements, partial crowns, veneered crowns or all-ceramic crowns are used. Very different materials such as precious metals (e.g. gold) and ceramics are sometimes used.

A bridge is a fixed denture that makes it possible to replace one or more missing teeth. In principle, tooth gaps of almost any size can be closed with it. It is attached to the adjacent, crowned teeth. The placement of bridges does not require any surgical intervention compared to the placement of implants.

An inlay makes it possible to treat tooth damage on the inside of the tooth while keeping the tooth alive. The tooth is first prepared and the carious tooth material is removed. An impression of the teeth is made and sent to the laboratory. The finished inlay is glued or, if possible, clamped onto the damaged tooth. It thus ensures a tight closure of the tooth surface and stabilization of the tooth.

An onlay is a filling therapy to treat defective, weakened chewing surfaces and tooth walls. It is used when tooth cusps and chewing surfaces have to be included in the prosthetic treatment because the damage is already too great for an inlay.
Onlays are tooth fillings made of metal, ceramic or composite. They are manufactured individually in the dental laboratory and fixed in the tooth with special fastening materials. This must first be prepared or ground by the dentist using a specific technique. An onlay may be an alternative to a dental implant, with the advantage that parts of the healthy tooth substance are preserved in this way.