Splint therapy is used to gently eliminate muscular-functional disorders, to change the bite position and to prevent accidents. Various splint systems are used:
Functional splints and crunch splints (bite splint)
The aim of therapy using a bite splint is to eliminate excessive and incorrect loading of the teeth and jaw joints.
There are currently three types of mouthguards available on the German dental market, which differ significantly in terms of the type of manufacture, protective effect and wearing comfort:
As a ready-made mouthguard, rubber splints are available in many sports shops, which are not individually adapted to the rows of teeth and are held in the mouth by clenching the teeth. This significantly impairs mouth breathing and speech. According to the DGZMK, this type offers the least protection against injury.
Ready-made splints made of thermoplastic material are heated in boiling water and can be individually adjusted to the user’s row of teeth while the material is still malleable. Offers better protection than Type 1 but depends heavily on the quality of the fit.
Custom-made mouthguards are made by having a dentist take impressions of the rows of teeth in the upper and lower jaw. These impressions are converted into plaster models. Using the models, a dental technician produces mouthguards in a vacuum pressing process that are precisely adapted to the tooth, jaw ridge and mucous membrane conditions of the patient. According to the DGZMK, this protection offers the best protection against injury, the highest wearing comfort and the best fitting accuracy.